The Future Reality Tree (FRT) Domain

Why using Future Reality Trees (CRTs)? 

FRTs present a sequence of cause-and-effect relationships that links proposed injection(s) to desired effects (DEs). FRTs use ‘If… Then…’ to answer ‘TO WHAT to change?

With the words from “Thinking from Flying Logic” :

The FRT is easiest-understood by contrasting it with the Current Reality Tree (CRT):

  • * To build a CRT, start with a set of Un-Desirable Effects (UDEs), and build down to the Core Driver, from which we invent Solutions (also called injections.)
  • * To build a FRT, start with a potential Solution (injection), and build upwards to a set of Desirable Effects (DEs).

FRTs can be built not only from a previously-conceived Solution, but also from other parts of previously-created CRTs and Clouds.

FRT Domain Description

The diagram below describes the Domain’s grammar. CRTs start with listing the known Undesirable Effects (UDEs) from one area. Suggestion is to collect between 5 and 10 but no need to stop there. 

After that follow the sufficient cause logic to identify the causes. Each cause itself is an effect (desirable, undesirable or simply intermediate). There are two more “causes” which are normally at the bottom of the diagram. These causes are “Given” as things that you cannot change or are “Changeable” as things that you could change. Those are obviously the most interesting causes as a change is most easy by changing what you do and can change.  

The Node Types in detail:

Node Type Description Is Starting Point / Successors
Undesirable Effect Undesirable Effects (UDE) are the Starting Node Types for current reality trees. List them first, suggestion is between 5-10. They are caused by other effects of causes. Yes / All Effects incl. ‘And’
Intermediate Effect Effects that are neither negative or positive on their own. They are caused by other effects or causes. No / All Effects incl. ‘And’
DesirableEffect A wanted effect. Let’s reinforce this one and cut the negative consequences. They are caused by other effects or causes. No / All Effects incl. ‘And’
Given Given entities are out of your sphere of influence. They are therefore sometimes called Preconditions. These are always entries to the tree (no predecessors). E.g. Gravity is given and unless you leave earth a given force.  No / All Effects incl. ‘And’
Changeable Changeable entities are those causes that can be changed and should be changed in order to mitigate the problems from occurring (again). No / All Effects incl. ‘And’
And Junctor Normally in a sufficient cause diagram each cause is alone to create connected effects. The ‘And’ Junctor connects two causes in order to express that something only happens if both causes are taking place.  No / All Effects (excl. ‘And’)

Background Information on CRT Domain

FRT diagrams were developed as part of the Theory of Constraints by E. Goldratt. More on Theory of Constraints can be found here